Contact Us Today 949-565-3988

Grand Jury


The grand jury process is a powerful tool employed by federal prosecutors. If you are subject to a grand jury investigation or served with a subpoena to testify or produce records, it is paramount that you enlist the help of a knowledgeable an experienced federal defense lawyer. Any lack of experience or qualification in the attorney you choose can jeopardize your rights and unnecessarily expose you to criminal prosecution.

Receiving a grand jury subpoena could be an indication that someone is the target or subject of a federal criminal investigation by the U.S. Attorney's Office. Failing to respond to a grand jury subpoena subjects someone to obstruction of justice charges, contempt of court, and incarceration.

However, innocently providing documents or testimony at a grand jury hearing could result in you incriminating yourself in the midst of a criminal probe. Accordingly, early intervention and proactive measures by a defense lawyer can help in legally deflecting the subpoena and avoid you from having to comply.

Grand Jury Deliberation Room

Overview of Federal Grand Jury Proceedings

A federal grand jury consists of members of the community impaneled by the prosecutor. Its function is to review evidence and determine whether there is sufficient evidence to charge a person or entity with a federal crime. If the grand jury decides to charge someone with a crime, then a federal indictment will be issued.

Grand jury hearings are confidential. The public has no right to observe the hearings, identities of the grand jurors, or review grand jury transcripts. The federal prosecutor is an instrumentality of the grand jury and, therefore, are permitted to issue subpoenas for testimony or documentary evidence. 

The evidence the prosecutor will present to the grand jury namely consists of:

  • Live witness testimony
  • Documentary evidence
  • Photographs
  • Videos

Premier Federal Grand Jury Representation

Our office understands the difficult dilemma of cooperating with the subpoena or not. We know that situations like this can be frightening which is why we help navigate you through this unfamiliar process and inform you of your options. We have handled many cases against the federal government and we stand ready to intervene at any stage of the investigation. Federal criminal defense attorney John D. Rogers is a board-certified criminal law specialist – a rare distinction that only a small percentage of lawyers have achieved. He is cognizant of all the collateral consequences in someone's life and makes your freedom his prime focus.

Federal Grand Jury Subpoena Defense

If you are served with a subpoena, then we can help. Our office can meet with the federal prosecutor to determine the scope of the investigation, whether you are a target or subject, and whether there are any alternatives to the subpoena. We will further explore:

  • Negotiating immunity agreements to ensure that any information produced by our clients will not be used against them in the event charges are filed.
  • Whether our clients can cooperate with federal authorities in exchange for not testifying before the grand jury.
  • Non-prosecution agreements to ensure that federal prosecutors do not pursue criminal charges against our client.
  • Lodge objections and moving to quash the subpoena based on facial or latent technicalities.
  • Invoke the Fifth Amendment if necessary to ensure that our clients do not incriminate themselves by testifying or producing documents.

Call an Experienced Federal Criminal Defense Attorney

It is wise to obtain legal representation from an experienced attorney when a person has been served with a grand jury subpoena to testify or produce documents. It's too ignorant to think that you have nothing to worry about because you have done nothing wrong.

To schedule a free confidential consultation with an experienced federal criminal defense attorney, give us a call or send us a consultation request. Our office is based in Orange County, but we represent clients in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego, and all throughout California.


Orange County federal crimes lawyer John Rogers is committed to providing exceptional representation all throughout California federal courts.

We'll gladly discuss your case with you at your convenience. Contact us today to schedule a confidential appointment.